In Yoshimi-cho, Saitama Prefecture, there are “Yoshimi-Hyakuana” (Hundred Holes of Yoshimi), where countless holes are like honeycombs on the hillside. The identity of this strange hole is a tomb trace that was built in the Kofun period about 1,300 years ago. From the Edo era, it is called “a mysterious hole”, and human bones and jewels were excavated in the excavation survey in the Meiji era. Before it turned out to be a grave, various opinions such as “It is the residence of korpokkur” have been exchanged.
There is also a “munition factory trace” dug down as a military factory during wartime, and the tunnels of 500 meters on the left and right continue like a net. It is only a part of them that is open now. The entry restricted area is shielded by steel fence and unique atmosphere. There are 219 square side holes in the middle of the hill, some of which are actually inside and you can visit there. “Horizontal hole tomb” is a thing that digs a hole in a slope of a small hill or the ground and buried a dead body. It is one of the largest in Japan, as one that was concentrated in one place. “Passageway” of the entrance is very narrow, and you can not pass unless you make the body smaller. The part of the inside of a slightly widened “burial chamber” like a raised table is a space called a coffin pedestal, which placed the coffin. Since the size and format of the “burial chamber” are various, it is one of the pleasure to compare and think about what kind of person was buried. Those excavated from here are various, such as human bones, jewels and pottery.
A precious nation designated natural treasure “luminous moss” is also growing nationwide in front of North Road, which is a popular spot where mysterious things gather.
Cappadocia located in the mid-western part of Turkey is known as the underground city with many holes, but there are very similar remains in Japan. It is “Yoshimi-Hyakuana” (Hundred Holes of Yoshimi) of Yoshimi town, Saitama with a nickname of “Cappadocia of Saitama”. On the slope of the rocky mountain of the tufa, there are more than 200 holes 1 meter in diameter, 2-3 meters in depth.
Yoshimi-Hyakuana is a group of cave graves during the end of the Kofun period (around the mid seventh century) approximately 1,300 years ago, and seems to be interested in people as “a mysterious holes” from old days.
In the survey conducted in 1887, a large number of remains such as gemstones, vessels made of metal, earthenware vessels were excavated. It is designated as a National Historical Site in 1923, and the existence of 219 holes is confirmed now.
Another highlight of Yoshimi-Hyakuana is luminous moss. A luminous moss emits fantastic green light. They mostly inhabit in the mountainous district, and it seems to be extremely unusual to be seen on Kanto area. This has been designated a national natural treasure in 1928, too.
|Name:||Yoshimi-Hyakuana / Luminous Moss|
|Adresse:||Kitayoshimi 324 Hikigun Yoshimimachi, Saitama 355-0155 Japan|
|Access:||Tobu Tojo-sen Line “Higashi-Matsuyama-eki Station” (12 minutes by bus)|
|Price:||300 yen (Adult)
200 yen (Elementary School Children)
Free (Preschool Kids)
Please refer the official web page.