Matsumoto City, Nagano Prefecture is a castle town that has developed around the Matsumoto-jo Castle. This place has also evolved as a key hub where the Chikuni Road, Nomugi Road, Ina Road, Zenkoji Road cross. For that reason, there are still many merchants and shops of “Dozo-zukuri” (earthen-wall building style) along the road. Among them, on both sides of “Nakamachi Street”, beautiful buildings of “Namakokabe no Dozo-zukuri” (building style of being covered with square tiles jointed with raised plaster) are lined up, and there is an atmospherey walking course that makes you feel history and culture is.
“Namakokabe Wall” refers to the wall of a grid-like pattern of white like the picture. It was thought to protect the town from the fire as walls of the cabinet, because it is highly likely that the whole town will be lost if it is wooden as it is vulnerable to fire. This “Namakokabe Wall” can be seen throughout Japan.
There are still many buildings of “Dozo-zukuri” style of simple white and black design. Originally it was a lot of sake brewery and kimono shops, but now it has transformed into folk art stores and craft shops.
Here, since the electric wires are buried underground, it is perfect for taking a walk, as it has an old-fashioned streetscape crowded as a wholesale area. Guide maps are distributed in various parts of shopping areas.
Matsumoto-shi, Nagano is a castle town which continues for 400 years.
The Nakamachi Street is in along the Hokkoku-kaido road which leads from the west to the east. The wholesale dealers mainly such as brewing industry or business of fabrics for kimono gathered and prospered here. However, the whole circumference was hit by the conflagration and many main institutions and town houses were lost by the Edo last stage and Meiji.
In order to protect from the fire covering again and again, “Namakokabe no Dozo” was built with merchants’ wisdom. Many houses of “Dozo-zukuri” of the brief design of the white and black still remain near the Nakamachi Street. They have an atmosphere of old Matsumoto. Shops such as a folk handicraft and the industrial arts gather, current Nakamachi town makes unique cityscape in Matsumoto.
“Dozo” is one of the Japanese traditional architecture, and an outer wall is finished with the plaster as an earth wall. It is only called “Kura” in many cases, and the building made from this style is called “Dozo-zukuri” or “Kura-zukuri” etc. Other than a building as a warehouse and a storagehouse, there are some which are built to serve both as a storage warehouse and a store.
The building where there is nostalgic taste is open each as the individual shops as handling a cafe, a restaurant, folk crafts and the industrial art object using the storehouse.
Many individual stores stand in a row, and it is street leisurely apt for a walk. The morning fair is also held by “Kura Sic Hall” on a holiday morning.
|Name:||The Nakamachi Street|
|Address:||Chuo 3 Matsumoto, Nagano 390-0811 Japan|
|Access:||JR Shinonoi-sen Line “Matsumoto-eki Station” (10 minutes walk)|
|Tel:||(+81) 263-36-1421 (Nakamachi Shopping District Promotion Association)|