Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine, Kanagawa
Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine is Hachimangu especially typical also in Hachiman-jinja Shrine which is known for having the most worshippers in Japan.
Moreover, it is a sightseeing spot popular as a shrine representing Kamakura. The connection is deep to The first Shogun of Kamakura bakufu (Japanese feudal government headed by a shogun), MINAMOTO no Yoritomo, and it was once considered as the samurai’s guardian deity. It is famous also as spiritual place which has divine favor in luck and success-in-life fate after Minamotono Yoritomo in recent years.
Wakamiya-oji Street is the approach of Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine where Yoritomo Minamotono had made for safe delivery of Masako Hojo who was his wife. It is an straight street from Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine to Yuigahama beach, and also the center street of Kamakura. There are three toriis and they’re “ichi no torii” (the first of the torii), “ni no torii” (the second of the torii) and “san no torii” (the third of the torii) from the beach. It is the popular site which 177 cherry trees stand in a row in along the way, and is chosen also as one of the cherry tree famous place 100 in Japan.
The Taiko-bashi bridge is sacred bridge made with the stone spanning the Genpei-ike pond. It is said that it got on and off to palanquin on this bridge when a shogun family worshipped at Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine. Although it had lost their color now, since it was the vermillion-painted bridge those days, it was also called as Red Bridge. There is overwhelming presence and it is chosen as one of the 100 elections of the bridge in Kanagawa.
Tokugawa Ienari reconstructed main shrine where the form is left at present in 1828, and it’s made on the large stone steps. The point of attention is that the word of “Hachi” in Hachimangu written to the surface of the frame of the gate has a form of a pigeon. In Hachimangu Shrine, it considers that a pigeon is the sacred messenger of God, and something which modeled the pigeon are everywhere. By typical construction of Edo period, it was designated also as the important cultural property of the country.
The Maidono (a building on the grounds of a Shinto shrine, called sacred dance hall), it is the building of irimoya style (building with a half-hipped roof) made in 1193. The harmony of the curved line, the beautiful solemn atmosphere is the feature. Maidono, it is at the center of the shrine mostly and is referred to also as an alias the Outer Haiden (worship hall). It is also possible for it to use as a hall of a wedding ceremony while being surrounded by rich nature every season.
|Name:||Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine|
|Address:||Yukinoshita 2-1-31 Kamakura, Kanagawa 248-0005 Japan|
|Access:||JR Yokosuka-sen Line “Kamakura-eki Station” (10 minutes walk)|